Sunday, February 26, 2012

Artifacts that Baffle Modern Man

In the 1930’s, hundreds of stone spheres were found scattered throughout the Diquis Delta of Costa Rica in Central America, ranging from a few centimeters (1 centimeter = 2.54ths  of an inch) to over 2 meters (6.5 feet) in diameter and weighing as much as 15 tons. The spheres are near perfect in shape.  Dating estimates, range from 200 BC all the way up to 1500 AD.

Numerous explanations have been offered, including both myth and legend; in any event, the stones are shrouded with obscurity. Some theories suggest the early inhabitants of the area had means of softening stones with a magic potion, thus making creation of the stone’s possible. Others are convinced they come from Atlantis; while, some believe the spheres are creations of nature, but the purpose of the stones remain a complete mystery. 
The means or type of construction at Puma Punku is an engineering anomaly that is not comprehendible by modern scholars. Current knowledge of the culture who built this place, left to no writing system nor had they familiarity even with the wheel, in any event the architectural accomplishments at Puma Punku are incredible. The largest of the stones used in construction is 131 metric tons (288,855 pounds), and are made of red sandstone. The nearest quarry for red sandstone is 10 km (about 6.3 miles) distance from the archaeological site, and in addition, the stones had to be carried up a steep incline to get to the construction site.

Each of the stones has been cut with extreme precision allowing them to lock together like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. Sophisticated knowledge of geometry is exhibited in this construction, not to mention advanced masonry. These stones are so precisely cut they suggest technology of mass production, and the pieces fit together so perfectly that even a razor blade cannot fit in between them.

Archaeologists argue about the dating of Puma Punku;  the claims range from to a mere 1,500 years to more than 15,000 years old. Only one thing is for sure, today’s modern engineers find the construction of Puma Punku impossible today, even when using modern day technology and engineering tools.

Turkish and German archaeologists began excavation in 1994, and are currently uncovering what are now the oldest stone monuments known to exist on earth. A bit more than 5% of this small Turkish community has currently (2012) been excavated, and Archaeologist’s predict it could take another 50 years to complete. The monuments have been dated by utilizing the radiocarbon method at 11,000 BC, predating Stonehenge by over 6,000 years. The pillars of the round stone structures are carved with reliefs of animals including vultures, foxes, lions, gazelles, reptiles, and waterfowl, suggesting that at the time of construction the surrounding area was far more of a lush landscape than the current conditions of modern day Turkey allow.

Prior to this find, it was believed that man practiced religious rituals only during the post-agriculture development, yet, the large number of bones found at this site suggests a pre-agriculture hunter-gatherer society. A few archaeologists have even speculated this site (mostly due to its geographic coordinates) to be the location of the legendary Eden; on the other hand,  if its not the Biblical Garden itself, then it marks the location to where man made his transition from hunting and gathering to farming; the suggested allegory of the Christian Eden story.

The biggest part of the mystery of Göbekli Tepe, which is locally known as “Pot Belly Hill”, is that for some unknown reason, man systematically and deliberately buried the site sometime around 8000 BC, which has created the artificial hill the site was covered under.

A collection of geoglyphs (works of art that were made by moving or arranging stones or earth on a landscape) have been created, as most scholars agree  that is was done by the Nazca culture in Peru as early as 200 BC. These shallow sculptures were made by removing the red pebbles abundant in the Nazca desert, thus revealing the white ground below.

Multiple geometric designs, with the largest between 650-900 feet across, depict animals, insects, humans, and geometric shapes. Although such “drawings” are relatively easy to construct by using simple tools, the oddity of the Nazca lines and drawings is the large pictures as a whole are only viewable from the sky. If the assumption is made that flight was not an option, they must have been created using a very sophisticated sense of mathematical knowledge with very careful planning, as is shown by the exactness in the images from far above.

Alternative theorists have suggested that flight may have been possible for the Ancients, either by means of hot air balloon, or some advanced unknown technological which allowed flying machines. Erik Von Däniken, author of the ever popular Chariots of the Gods and Finger Prints of the Gods, use the Nazca lines as evidence for ancient astronauts.

Stonehenge, is the huge prehistoric monument, erected sometime during the time period of 2500 to 2200 BC; whenever it was built, it has since been the subject of mystery and legend. Folklore suggests it was built by the devil from stones purchased from an Irish woman, and according to Old English King Arthur stories, the legendary magician Merlin, had the stones removed from Ireland and reconstructed  as they now stand in the southern part of the English county of Wiltshire near Amesbury.

None know exactly the purpose of Stonehenge, but speculations include suggestions that it’s as a celestial calendar, a burial monument providing a gateway between life and death, or perhaps a ritual place of healing. Since the creators of Stonehenge apparently had no written language and therefore left no documentation in regard to construction, knowing its exact function is impossible.

The “bluestones” (in the British context, stones not indigenous to the region) used were located in Wales, which is more than 150 miles away; in addition some of the stones weigh more than 50 tons. The relocation of the bluestones (it’s though there were originally 80, but today there are only 43) from Wales to the Amesbury site has presented scholars / archeologists with the mystery of their transportation. Several methods have been tried; which has demonstrated that advanced feats of engineering was a necessity.

The Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramids of Giza, and the Moai statues on Easter Island represent just a few more examples of how early or ancient man has baffled modern architects, engineers, and archaeologists alike in regard to artifacts they’ve left behind. Both large and small structures, and sophisticated drawings, have been and continue to be discovered which defy the understanding and the intellectual capacities of ancient mankind. The abilities of ancient civilizations have long been underestimated as shown by the above referenced mysterious stone structures or objects; so magnificent, that modern man often wonders, if once known technique’s and technology’s, have been lost, or alternatively, was ancient mankind provided with a yet unknown type of assistance?  


Friday, February 17, 2012

The Minoan Connection to Atlantis

(From Wikipedia – Public Domain Image)
Atlantis by Lloyd K. Townsend

It has recently been suggested that instead of Atlantis being west of the Pillars of Hercules, it was really east. In addition, the catastrophic end of the island occurred not 9000 years before Plato’s time, but only 900 years. If this is true, then the lands of Atlantis might be a place that was well-known even in Plato’s time, this being:  The island of Crete.

Crete is now a part of modern Greece and is located just south of Athens across a portion of the Mediterranean Sea.  Prior to 1500 B.C. it was the seat of what has become known as the “Minoan Empire”. The Minoans dominated the eastern Mediterranean with a powerful navy and probably extracted a large piece of respect from all of the surrounding nations. Archaeological excavations have shown that Minoan Crete was without doubt one of the most advanced cultures of its era. It had fabulous architecture and art alike. There was a code of laws giving women equal legal status to men, which is now considered to be an advanced way of thinking for the time. Agriculture was well developed and an extensive irrigation system was widely used.

Then, seemingly within “a blink of an eye”, the entire Minoan Civilization vanished. Geological studies have shown that on an island we now know as Santorinas, which is located just ten miles to the north of Crete; a disaster occurred that was certainly capable of utterly destroying the Minoan empire.

The Santorinas of today is a thriving Mediterranean paradise made-up of several islands forming a ring like shape. But, twenty-five hundred years ago, it was a single large island with a volcano very near its center. Subsequently, the volcano blew itself apart in an immense explosion around 1500 BC.

To better understand the effect of its explosion / eruption, scientists have compared it with the most powerful volcanic event in recorded history, which occurred on the Island of Krakatoa in 1883. There, a giant wave, or tsunami, estimated to be approximately 120 feet high sped across the Mediterranean Sea, hitting all of the neighboring islands, and killing approximately 36,000 people. Ash was thrown up into the atmosphere which blackened the skies for three days. The sound of the blast was heard as far as 3,000 miles distant.

So in comparison, the explosion at Santorinas was four times as great as that of Krakatoa.    So is the island of Crete and Santorinas perhaps the legendary Atlantis?

According to Plato, Atlantis was bigger than Libya and Asia combined; situated in front of the Pillars of Heracles, in the ocean which he called “Atlantic.”

While Crete is definitely the largest island in Greece and the second largest in the eastern Mediterranean Sea (after Cyprus), it’s surface area of 8,259 sq km (3,138sq. miles) will not measure up to the Asian Continent: 44,579.000 sq. km (17,212,000 sq. miles) which makes up 30 % of Earth’s Landmass. Then, if you include the landmass of the African Country of Libya, with an additional area of 1,759,540 sq km (679,358 sq miles), it is difficult to confuse the two locations, really size alone seems enough, but then there’s the Atlantic verses the Mediterranean issue to consider in the absence of size alone.

In addition, Plato’s portrait of Atlantis depicts a harmonious island; a place where the inhabitants were by its very nature,  provided all manner of vegetation (flora) and fauna (animal life). In fact, the climate was so mild; it was common to grow two crops every year. Because of these two key factors (flora & fauna); Atlanteans were never in want of food.

The weather in Crete which is only 10 miles south of Santorinas is characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. Not exactly an ideal location for farming an abundance of crops.  There are however, significant differences between the coastal zone’s climate and that of the mountainous areas.   In the Coastal zone, expect dry summers and mild winters. The rainy season starts in late October and lasts till March and sometimes well into April.  During the winter months in the mountainous zone of Crete it can be very cold with severe snowfalls.  These conditions certainly do not indicate suitable conditions for the “two crop” growing season described by Plato.
Perhaps the biggest problem associated with the concept of Atlantis is that no one other than Plato, found reason to write about it, or make some mention of its existence throughout all of history as we know it.  Although he described his source of information as deriving from Egypt, to date there has been no documentation or verification from ancient Egypt.  In other words there simply are no written records discovered to date that are old enough.

For this reason alone, perhaps the information provided by the legendary Edgar Cayce (the sleeping profit) is currently our best alternative source for data. In the very least, until such time as more concrete evidence is found.

In any event, according to Cayce, Atlantis was destroyed by volcanic and earthquake-like “explosions” on three separate occasions.  Each of these destruction's lasted over a period of months or even years, instead of days or a single day! The first such disaster took place around 50,700 BC, the second occurred in about 28,000 BC and the third and final one happened in the neighborhood of 10,000 BC.  In all of his readings it is indicated that ample warnings were given and that many Atlanteans were, in fact, able to escape prior to each of the disasters. Some, he described as traveling to Europe and Africa while some sought refuge in South America.

Over several thousand years, a civilization developed in Atlantis which surpassed all historical empires, past, present and future, especially in regard to its scientific and economic achievements. Cayce further explained that the Atlanteans developed technology which allowed them to created aircraft, submarines, elevators, a broadcasting system, and computers.

Other discoveries included what they called a death-ray, explosives, radioactive forces and atomic energy. As the Atlanteans began to add to their knowledge and understanding of all these destructive forces, the first destruction of Atlantis occurred.

By the time of the second major disaster which happened in about 28,000 BC, the Atlanteans were able to travel in all of earth's environments; including air, water and land.  In fact the Atlanteans enjoyed all of the “modern” developments we see today and many others which are yet to be discovered.

Following the second “destruction”, the Atlanteans were forced to make many adjustments and alterations to the new circumstances with which they faced. Although their scientific achievements were still considerable, they were not as advanced as  they were in previous eras.

The two earlier disasters left Atlantis as a group of Islands, the chief ones being named, Poseidia, Aryan and Og.   Unfortunately there was a continuous state of unrest and rebellion throughout the whole continent which eventually caused the third and final devastation and the total destruction of Atlantis; brought about by their continued use destructive energies and powers sometime around 10,000 BC. In short, they destroyed themselves.

Finally, as told by Cayce, many records of knowledge and understanding were “hidden” within the Great Sphinx, that’s located in Egypt. However certain precautions were activated to insure that these records would not be re-discovered for many thousands of years, or you could say, until the time was “right” . . .

As for the 3rd destruction , when it came, although it happened fairly suddenly, there were many advanced warnings  given regarding what was sure to happen. As a result, several political leaders were able to take charge of arranging for the “transportation” of those Atlanteans who were “allowed” to leave.  This action is perhaps the most likely explanation for the advanced civilization destined to become what we call the “Minoan Empire” that once lived on the island of Crete, and a few surrounding islands.   It is common knowledge in the archaeological community that the name “Minoan” which we now use for these ancient peoples, is in fact associated with an ancient Greek myth regarding “king” Minos.  No one knows as of yet by what name those ancient people of Crete called themselves.   May-be, “Atlanteans”?


Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Moon Landing?

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin,
beside the deployed U. S. flag
during Apollo 11

Perhaps the most remarkable event of man-kind throughout the 20th century was that of the first manned mission to Earth’s moon.  The latter half of this industrious era, is perhaps best likened to the age of discovery / exploration which began in the early 15th century and spanning into the early 17th century. 

This is evidenced by various milestone accomplishments such as the first human-made object to reach the surface of the Moon by the Soviet Union’s “Luna 2” mission on 13 September 1959.  This achievement was followed by the stunning success of Apollo 11 less than 10 years later as the first manned mission to land on the Moon. There have since been six (6) additional manned landings (between 1969 and 1972) and numerous unmanned landings.   

On July 20, 1969, six hours after landing at 4:17 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (with a little less than 30 seconds of fuel remaining), Commander Neil A. Armstrong became the first earthling to step upon the moon. Just prior to this huge exploit, he said these historic words: “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”  He took the “Small Step” into our greater future when he stepped off the Lunar Module, named “Eagle,” onto the surface of the Moon, from which he could look up and see Earth in the heavens; a feat no one had accomplished before him.

Some conspiracy theorists insist that the Apollo Moon landings were a hoax. Their accusations flourish in part because enthusiastic, though previous predictions that Moon landings would surly become commonplace has not yet occurred.

In spite of this fact, evidence is readily available to show that manned moon landings did indeed occur. Anyone on Earth with an appropriate laser and telescope system can bounce laser beams off three retro reflector arrays placed upon the Moon by the crews of Apollo 11, 14 and 15.  Additionally, in August of 2009 NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter began to send back high resolution photos of several Apollo landing sites.

These photos show (Click here if you want to see the images) not only the Lunar Rover of Apollo 17 that was left behind but also tracks of the astronauts’ footpaths in the lunar dust.  OK, so these images were obviously taken from a great distance, but then no one has yet stepped forward to dispute their authenticity, therefore common sense dictates that such images are accurate.

But why does the flag (that was left on the moon) look like it’s blowing in the wind if there is no wind? After all, the environment on the moon is said to be a vacuum, therefore absent of such environmental hazards.

The reason the flag’s image looks like that is, that it was originally folded into a small tube for easy transport. When deploying the flag, the astronauts had to unfold it. As practically everyone knows, that there is no wind, and because no patriot would like to see the US flag hang down limp without wind, the flag was “stiffened” with a small metal tube on the top edge.  In short when unfolding the flag, the tube on top had to be extended kind of like a radio antenna, but it became stuck and did not extend to its full length.  As a result, the flag had more folds and crumples than was initially desired by the designing engineers of the day, which resulted in the “appearance” of a wind blown flag.

Then why is it that in the moon landing photos there’s no background stars visible?  The answer to this common question is easy for you to checkout on your own; it’s the same reason you can’t see someone else’s face when they are shining a bright flashlight directly into your eyes.  You see, when the astronauts were on the moon, the glare from the Sun totally overwhelmed the stars.  In fact cameras had to be adjusted to properly expose the astronauts and their surroundings because they were so brilliantly illuminated by the sun, as opposed to the comparable dim light of stars.

There are of course several other arguments a good Moon Landing conspiracy proponent can argue, nevertheless the best reasoning against such a theory is simply that there are now and have always been far too many dummies within the U. S. government to pull it off.


Sunday, February 12, 2012

Lilith, Adam’s First Wife

Early Likeness of Lilith

In Jewish folklore, Lilith (Latin – Lami) is described as Adam’s first wife, who was created at about the same time and from the same earthen clay as Adam. This is in contrast with Eve, who was created from one of Adam’s ribs. The legend was expanded upon during the middle Ages (1000 – 1500 AD), in the tradition of Jewish mysticism. During the 13th Century writings of Rabbi Isaac ben Jacob ha-Cohen, for example, Lilith is said to have left Adam after she refused to become subservient to him and refused to return to the Garden of Eden after she mated with archangel Samael, who in Jewish mysticism was the angel of death.

A similar account argues that for her discrepancies, she was banished from the Garden of Eden, as opposed to refusing to return, when she declined to make herself subservient to Adam (in particular, her refusal to agree to the missionary position with him during sex). When she was cast out, she was made into a demon figure, and Adam was given a second wife, Eve; fashioned from his rib so as to ensure her obedience to her man, or to borrow a popular phrase: ensure that she would “stand by her man”.

In any event, as a result of her actions it didn’t take long for her image or reputation to become that of the evil woman, who was described as being beautiful but who could transform into a blue, butterfly-like demon, associated with the power of seduction.

There is continuing scholarly debate as to whether the concept of Lilith occurs in the Holy Bible. The only possible occurrence is in the Book of Isaiah 34:13–15, which describes the devastation of kingdom of Edom, where-in the Hebrew word lilit (or Lilith) appears in a list of eight unclean animals, some of which may have demonic associations. However, the Dead Sea Scrolls contains one indisputable reference to Lilith in fragment 1 of the Songs of the Sage.      

In brief summation, the idea in the biblical text of Genesis that Adam had a wife prior to Eve may have developed from an interpretation of the Book of Genesis and its dual creation accounts: wherein, Genesis 1:27, indicates that both man and woman was made: “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.”    However, Genesis 2:22 describes God’s creation of Eve from Adam’s rib. 

Traditional thinking places the first account of her (Lilith’s) creation shortly after God’s comment in Genesis 2:18: “It is not good for man to be alone”; following this statement God is said to have formed Lilith out of the clay from which he made Adam but she and Adam bickered with each other, apparently a lot. Lilith was strong in her belief that since she and Adam were created in the same way they were equals and she therefore refused to submit to Adam or mortal man; enter archangel Samael.   On the other hand, perhaps the creator determined that it was “not good for man to be alone” shortly after the adulteress Lilith refused to set aside her new, and perhaps superior friend / lover Samael.  Regardless, strong-willed Lilith will forever remain the unfaithful woman who Adam was unable to control.


Wednesday, February 8, 2012

The Golden Age of King Cronus

Early Depiction of Cronus

Cronus (also Kronos) was the Titan god of time and the ages. According to Greek myth / legend he ruled the cosmos, after deposing his father, in the early of days of the so-called the Golden Age. In fear of a prophecy that he would be overthrown by one of his own sons, Cronus swallowed each of his children as soon as they were born.   Rhea, his queen and sister, managed to save the youngest son, Zeus, by hiding him away on Crete, largest of the Greek islands. She is said to have accomplished this remarkable feat by somehow convincing Cronus that a stone that she had apparently wrapped in the swaddling clothes of an infant, was in actuality Zeus.

The Golden Age was a time of perfect peace and harmony, which lasted as long as he reigned, which was reportedly one full generation.   The Age of Gold (as opposed to Silver, Bronze, or Iron) by the way was considered the first and purest age; taws’ when no labor was required and the weather was always agreeable. It was a time of pleasant surroundings; abundance was the norm and people occupied all their time in satisfying pursuits. Shucks, it’s even said that throughout this time birds, creatures of the sea, and four-footed beasts could talk with a human voice.  In other words, to borrow a well known literary phrase “it was the best of times”; things of need were furnished in abundance, and the growth of everything needed was spontaneous. 

Cronus you see was the eldest of the Titans, therefore he, by natural birth rights, became king, immediately after he deposed his father who was king before him; he soon caused all men who were his subjects to change from a rude way of living to civilized life.

His legacy was adopted by the ancient Romans who believed him to be their god Saturn, who ruled over this Golden Age.  As you would expect some unknown time after this “Golden Age” ended a festival was established by the Romans in memory of his reign, it was called the Feast of Saturnalia and was held every year during the Winter Solstice.

It was said by the ancient Greeks that King Cronus reigned during the early days of Earth; his most noted symbol was the sickle; his consort was his sister and queen Rhea; he had a host of siblings, totaling 11; and was father to 7 children, including Zeus who would replace him as king.

Because of the exceptional public obedience to laws of the era, no injustice was committed by any one; all subjects of rule lived a life of purity and cleanliness; toss in a good measure of happiness and you have the recipe for the Golden Age.


Thursday, February 2, 2012

The Dropa Disc’s of China

An Early Version of the Phaistos Disc of Greece?

or Perhaps

 Early Phonograph Records?
The Phaistos Disc (side A)

Dropa (also Dropas, Drok-pa or Dzopa,) is the name given by the ancient Chinese to an alleged race of dwarf-like extraterrestrials that landed or “fell from the sky” near the Chinese-Tibetan  border more than twelve thousand years ago.

The existence of such beings was you might say were “re-discovered” when Chi Pu Tei, a Chinese professor of archeology at Beijing University; in 1938 he and several of his students were on an expedition to explore a series of caves in the remote Bayan Kara Ula range of the Himalayan mountains, near the region of Qinghai. Upon entering the caves it became apparent that the caves had been artificially carved into a system of tunnels and underground storerooms. The walls were described as being squared and glazed, as if cut into the mountain with great heat.

The explorers said to they also found numerous orderly rows of tombs that contained rather short (4.5 foot / 138 cm) skeletons buried within. The skeletal remains were described as having larger than normally heads coupled with small, thin, fragile bodies.

No epitaphs at the graves were reported, but there were hundreds of 12 inch / 30 cm wide stone discs that came to be called “Dropa Stones”; each with a small hole at their centers. The stone discs were said to be inscribed with two fine grooves spiraling from the edge to a small (3/4 inch / 20 cc) hole in the disc's center and weighing about 2 pounds each; they were said to resemble the clay “Phaistos Disc” that was discovered in 1908 on the Greek island of Crete which is currently on display in the Heraklion Archaeological Museum of Crete. Another description simply calls them a prehistoric phonograph record. The discs were reportedly labeled along with other finds of the expedition and stored away at Beijing University for 20 years, during which time all deciphering attempts were unsuccessful.

Approximately about 20 years later the discs were reportedly examined by a Dr. Tsum Um Nui of Beijing beginning around 1958, he concluded after an in-depth study that each groove consisted of a series of tiny hieroglyphs of unknown pattern and origin. The rows of hieroglyphs were so small in fact that a magnifying glass was needed to see them clearly. Although several hieroglyphics had been worn away by erosion,  according to Dr. Tsum’s deciphered version of the symbols, they told the story of a crash-landing of the Dropa spaceship that had originated in the Sirius Star System and the ultimate slaughter of the majority of the survivors of the crash by the local inhabitants.

One of the best preserved discs was dated as being fashioned sometime between 10,000 and 12,000 BC.  A total of 716 such discs / plates were reportedly recovered; each holding its own mystery.

At first sight, this appears to be a fantastic story that validates early contact with extraterrestrials or ancient astronauts; however there appears to be no credible evidence of record proving that the discs actually exist, or that an individual named Dr. Tsum Um Nui from Beijing ever existed. Apparently however there was a Chi Pu Tei, who was a Chinese professor of archeology at Beijing University; in 1938.

Supporters of the story insist that Dr. Tsum Um Nui’s findings were squelched or subdued by the Chinese academic community due to their controversial nature which led to the good doctor’s relocation to Japan, once there he changed his name and died in 1965 a broken man.  In short, it comes as little surprise that such alleged events in regard to the Dropa Disc’s are often referred to as “China’s Roswell”.